Movie Quality

CAM Scale 1 – 10 Point : 1 to 5

A cam is a theater rip usually done with a digital video camera. A mini tripod is sometimes used, but a lot of the time this wont be possible, so the camera make shake. Also seating placement isn’t always idle, and it might be filmed from an angle. If cropped properly, this is hard to tell unless there’s text on the screen, but a lot of times these are left with triangular borders on the top and bottom of the screen. Sound is taken from the onboard microphone of the camera, and especially in comedies, laughter can often be heard during the film. Due to these factors picture and sound quality are usually quite poor, but sometimes we’re lucky, and the theater will be fairly empty and a fairly clear signal will be heard.

CAM Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 1 s/d 5

Cam adalah hasil rip/ Bajakan dari Bioskop/Cineplex biasanya dilakukan dengan menggunakan kamera video digital. Sebuah tripod mini kadang-kadang digunakan, tetapi hal ini seringkali tidaklah mungkin dilakukan, sehingga membuat kamera goyang. Juga penempatan tempat duduk tidak selalu ideal/pas, dan mungkin difilmkan dari sudut. Jika dipotong dengan benar, hal ini sulit kecuali ada teks pada layar, tetapi sering kali ini yang tersisa dengan tripod terbatas di bagian atas dan bawah layar. Suara mikrofon diambil dari onboard kamera, dan khususnya film komedi, tawa sering ikut terdengar selama film. Karena faktor ini gambar dan kualitas suara yang biasanya sangat buruk, tapi kadang-kadang apabila beruntung dan pada teater yang Sepi suara akan cukup jelas Tertangkap kamera.

TELESYNC (TS) Scale 1 – 10 Point : 5 to 7

A telesync is the same spec as a CAM except it uses an external audio source (most likely an audio jack in the chair for hard of hearing people). A direct audio source does not ensure a good quality audio source, as a lot of background noise can interfere. A lot of the times a telesync is filmed in an empty cinema or from the projection booth with a professional camera, giving a better picture quality. Quality ranges drastically, check the sample before downloading the full release. A high percentage of Telesyncs are CAMs that have been mislabeled.

TELESYNC (TS) Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 5 s/d 7

Telesync adalah qualitas yang (hampir) sama dengan CAM kecuali ia menggunakan sumber audio eksternal (kemungkinan besar jack audio di kursi untuk orang Tuna Rungu). Sumber audio langsung tidak menjamin kualitas yang baik dari sumber audio, karena banyak kebisingan latar belakang dapat mengganggu. Kebanyakan hasil telesync adalah pengambilan gambar film di bioskop pada saat kosong atau kadang dari Ruangan Projector dengan kamera profesional, menghasilkan kualitas gambar yang lebih baik. Kualitas rentang drastis, periksa sampel sebelum men-download rilis penuh. Persentase yang tinggi Telesyncs adalah CAMS yang telah disalahartikan.

TELECINE (TC) Scale 1 – 10 Point : 6 to 8

A telecine machine copies the film digitally from the reels. Sound and picture should be very good, but due to the equipment involved and cost telecines are fairly uncommon. Generally the film will be in correct aspect ratio, although 4:3 telecines have existed. A great example is the JURASSIC PARK 3 TC done last year. TC should not be confused with TimeCode , which is a visible counter on screen throughout the film.

TELECINE (TC) Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 6 s/d 8

Sebuah hasil salinan mesin telecine film digital dari roll film. Suara dan gambar seharusnya sangatlah baik, namun karena peralatan yang digunakan dan telecines berbiaya tinggi sehingga film berqualitas TC cukup jarang. Secara umum film ini akan ber’aspek rasio yang benar, meskipun telah ada telecines 04:03. Sebuah contoh yang bagus adalah Jurassic Park 3 TC dilakukan sejak tahun lalu. TC tidak harus bingung dengan TimeCode, yang biasanya counter terlihat pada layar dalam film tersebut.

SCREENER (SCR) Scale 1 – 10 Point : 7 to 9

A pre VHS tape, sent to rental stores, and various other places for promotional use. A screener is supplied on a VHS tape, and is usually in a 4:3 (full screen) a/r, although letterboxed screeners are sometimes found. The main draw back is a “ticker” (a message that scrolls past at the bottom of the screen, with the copyright and anti-copy telephone number). Also, if the tape contains any serial numbers, or any other markings that could lead to the source of the tape, these will have to be blocked, usually with a black mark over the section. This is sometimes only for a few seconds, but unfortunately on some copies this will last for the entire film, and some can be quite big. Depending on the equipment used, screener quality can range from excellent if done from a MASTER copy, to very poor if done on an old VHS recorder thru poor capture equipment on a copied tape. Most screeners are transferred to VCD, but a few attempts at SVCD have occurred, some looking better than others.

SCREENER (SCR) Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 7 s/d 9

A pra VHS tape, yang dikirim ke persewaan film, dan berbagai tempat lainnya digunakan dengan tujuan promosi. Bentuk screener dalam bentuk kaset Video VHS, dan biasanya dialam format layer 4:3 (Layar Penuh), meskipun screeners letterboxed kadang-kadang ditemukan.Yang menarik adalah ticker “” (pesan yang gulungan masa lalu di bagian bawah layar, dengan hak cipta dan nomor telepon anti-copy). Juga, jika hasil rekaman berisi nomor seri, atau tanda lain yang dapat mengakibatkan sumber rekaman itu, ini harus diblokir, biasanya dengan suatu tanda hitam/ disamarkan di bagian tersebut. Hal ini kadang-kadang hanya untuk beberapa detik, tapi sayangnya akan muncul pada beberapa salinan ini akan berlangsung untuk seluruh film, dan beberapa dapat cukup besar. Tergantung pada peralatan yang digunakan, kualitas screener dapat berkisar dari yang sangat baik jika dilakukan dari salinan MASTER, untuk sangat miskin jika dilakukan pada perekam VHS tua melalui peralatan menangkap buruk pada tape disalin. Kebanyakan screeners ditransfer ke VCD, tapi beberapa upaya di SVCD telah terjadi, beberapa tampak lebih baik dari orang lain.

DVD-SCREENER (DVDscr) Scale 1 – 10 Point : 7 to 9

Same premise as a screener, but transferred off a DVD. Usually letterbox , but without the extras that a DVD retail would contain. The ticker is not usually in the black bars, and will disrupt the viewing. If the ripper has any skill, a DVDscr should be very good. Usually transferred to SVCD or DivX/XviD.

DVD-SCREENER (DVDscr) Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 7 s/d 9

Sama persis seperti screener, tapi ditransfer dari DVD. Biasanya disertai ‘Letterbox’, tapi tanpa tambahan mengenai ritel DVD. Ticker biasanya tidak bergaris hitam, dan yang akan mengganggu apabila terlihat. Jika ripper memiliki keahlian yang mencukupi, sebuah DVDscr harusnya sangatlah baik. Biasanya ditransfer ke SVCD atau DivX / XviD.

R5 (DVD Region 5) Scale 1 – 10 Point : 6 to 8

This is fairly new movie format. Basically the same as DVD Screener – this kind of release is legal DVD released in Russia to decrease the level of pirated movies in this country. Retail is rushed out by the studio, so there is little to no cleanup of the film after the telecine process. As a result, you can see some scratches, hairs or other mess on the picture, but you will hardly notice it while watching. External English audio is often used, as these are supplied with Russian sound by default.

R5 (DVD Region 5) Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 6 s/d 8

Format film ini baru digunakan. Pada dasarnya sama dengan DVD Screener – rilis semacam ini dikarenakan hukum/aturan DVD yang dirilis di Rusia guna menurunkan tingkat film bajakan di negara ini (Region5 = terdiri dari negara-negara ex Rusia, India & Afrika).  Ritel segara dikeluarkan oleh studio, sehingga hanya ada sedikit atau tidak ada pembersihan dari film ini setelah proses telecine. Akibatnya, Anda dapat melihat beberapa goresan/ scratch, rambut atau kekacauan lainnya pada gambar, tetapi Anda tidak akan melihat itu saat menonton. Eksternal audio bahasa Inggris sering digunakan, karena ini disertakan dengan bahasa Rusia/ dubbing Rusia secara default.
DVDRip Scale 1 – 10 Point : 8 to 10


A copy of the final released DVD. If possible this is released PRE retail (for example, Star Wars episode 2) again, should be excellent quality. DVDrips are released in SVCD and DivX/XviD.

DVDRip Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 8 s/d 10

Sebuah salinan dari DVD dirilis akhir. Jika memungkinkan ini dirilis PRA ritel (misalnya, Star Wars episode 2) lagi, harus berkualitas tinggi. DVDrips dilepaskan dalam SVCD dan DivX / Xvid.

VHSRip Scale 1 – 10 Point : 8 to 10

Transferred off a retail VHS, mainly skating/sports videos and XXX releases.

VHSRi p Skala 1 – 10 Nilai : 8 s/d 10

Ditransfer dari sebuah VHS ritel, terutama Video skating / video olahraga dan rilis XXX.

TVRip

TV episode that is either from Network (capped using digital cable/satellite boxes are preferable) or PRE-AIR from satellite feeds sending the program around to networks a few days earlier (do not contain “dogs” but sometimes have flickers etc) Some programs such as WWF Raw Is War contain extra parts, and the “dark matches” and camera/commentary tests are included on the rips. PDTV is capped from a digital TV PCI card, generally giving the best results, and groups tend to release in SVCD for these. VCD/SVCD/DivX/XviD rips are all supported by the TV scene.

TVRip

TV episode yang baik dari Network (capped menggunakan kabel digital /  satelit lebih diutamakan) atau PRA-AIR dari satelit feed mengirimkan program itu ke jaringan beberapa hari sebelumnya (tidak mengandung “anjing” tapi kadang-kadang memiliki film dll) Beberapa program seperti WWF Baku Apakah Perang berisi komponen tambahan, dan gelap “cocok” dan kamera / tes komentar yang disertakan pada robekan. PDTV ditutup dari kartu PCI TV digital, umumnya memberikan hasil terbaik, dan kelompok cenderung rilis di SVCD terhadap hal ini.VCD / SVCD / DivX / XviD rips semua didukung oleh adegan TV.

WORKPRINT (WP)

A workprint is a copy of the film that has not been finished. It can be missing scenes, music, and quality can range from excellent to very poor. Some WPs are very different from the final print (Men In Black is missing all the aliens, and has actors in their places) and others can contain extra scenes (Jay and Silent Bob) . WPs can be nice additions to the collection once a good quality final has been obtained.

DivX Re-Enc

A DivX re-enc is a film that has been taken from its original VCD source, and re-encoded into a small DivX file. Most commonly found on file sharers, these are usually labeled something like Film.Name.Group(1of2) etc. Common groups are SMR and TND. These aren’t really worth downloading, unless you’re that unsure about a film u only want a 200mb copy of it. Generally avoid.

Watermarks

A lot of films come from Asian Silvers/PDVD (see below) and these are tagged by the people responsible. Usually with a letter/initials or a little logo, generally in one of the corners. Most famous are the “Z” “A” and “Globe” watermarks.

Asian Silvers / PDVD

These are films put out by eastern bootleggers, and these are usually bought by some groups to put out as their own. Silvers are very cheap and easily available in a lot of countries, and its easy to put out a release, which is why there are so many in the scene at the moment, mainly from smaller groups who don’t last more than a few releases. PDVDs are the same thing pressed onto a DVD. They have removable subtitles, and the quality is usually better than the silvers. These are ripped like a normal DVD, but usually released as VCD.

BDRIP/BRRIP

A couple of groups have managed to rip HD movies to a regular DVD. Usually they are have a resolution of 720p or 1080p and are encoded using the X264 codec. There are still just a few groups which are able to rip them.
Source: videoquality.com

DVD region code

DVD region codes are a digital-rights management technique designed to allow film distributors to control aspects of a release, including content, release date, and price, according to the region. DVD video discs may be encoded with a region code restricting the area of the world in which they can be played.
The American DVD Copy Control Association in California requires that DVD-player manufacturers incorporate the regional-playback control (RPC) system—according to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, an Australian government agency.[1]
There are six different official regions and two informal variations.[citation needed] DVDs may use one code, a combination of codes (Multi-Region), most codes (Region 0) or every code/no codes (Region All). The commercial DVD player specification requires that a player to be sold in a given place not play discs encoded for a different region; however, region-free DVD players are also commercially available.[2] In addition, many DVD players can be modified to be region-free, allowing playback of all discs.[3]

Region codes and countries

Region code Area
0 Informal term meaning “worldwide”. Region 0 is not an official setting; discs that bear the region 0 symbol either have no flag set or have regions 1–6 flags set. Region 0 is commonly referred to as “Region Free”, especially when talking about DVD and Blu-ray players.
1 United States, Canada, Bermuda, U.S. territories
2 Europe (except Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus), Middle East, Egypt, Japan, South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho, Greenland, French Overseas departments and territories
3 Southeast Asia, South Korea, Republic of China (Taiwan), Hong Kong, Macau
4 Mexico, South America, Central America, Caribbean, New Zealand, Australia, Papua New Guinea and much of Oceania
5 India, Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia, Pakistan, Africa (except Egypt, South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho), Central and South Asia, Mongolia, North Korea
6 China
7 Reserved for future use, MPAA-related DVDs and “media copies” of pre-releases in Asia
8 International venues such as aircraft, cruise ships, etc.
ALL Region ALL discs have all eight flags set, allowing the disc to be played in any locale on any player.

Scene Tags

PROPER -The proper tag is to indicate that the show has been released before by a different release group, but that this release is of higher quality, or fixes certain flaws in the previous release (such as out of sync issues.) A reason for the PROPER should always be included in the NFO. When a group ‘propers’ a PROPER, it is tagged as REAL.PROPER.
REPACK -If a group releases a bad rip, they can release a REPACK. A REPACK is a fixed version of the original release. It’s similar to PROPER but then done by the same group. Note that a Repack is different from a fix. A fix will repair the original release whereas a repack is a new release.
RERIP -A previous rip was bad, now it’s ripped again properly. Similar to REPACK.
SUBBED -If a release is tagged SUBBED, it usually means it has hard encoded subtitles burned throughout the rip.
UNSUBBED -When something has been release subbed before, an unsubbed release may be released.
iNTERNAL -An internal release is done for several reasons. The most common reason is because it has already been released before, and with iNTERNAL in title, the release won’t be nuked. iNTERNAL’s are quite common. Also lower quality theater rips are done iNTERNAL so it doesn’t lower the reputation of the group. An iNTERNAL release is available as normal on the groups affiliate sites, but they can’t be traded to other sites without request from the site ops. Although a release is iNTERNAL, it still can be very popular. The reason for the iNTERNAL is usually included in the NFO.
READNFO -When something important is mentioned in the NFO, or as a replacement for the PROPER tag, READNFO can be added to the release name.
RECODE -A recode is a previously released version, usually filtered through TMPGenc to remove subtitles, fix color, brightness, etc. Whilst they can look better, it is not looked upon highly as groups are expected to obtain their own sources.
NUKED -A release can be nuked for various reasons. Individual sites will nuke for breaking their rules (such as “No Telesyncs”) but if the release has something extremely wrong with it (for example – no sound for 20mins, CD2 is out of sync, etc.), then a global nuke will occur. Nuked releases can still reach other sources such as p2p/usenet, but it is a good idea to check why it was nuked first in case. If a group realizes there is something wrong with their release, they can request a nuke.
NUKE REASONS – this is a list of common reasons a release can be nuked for
** BAD A/R ** :: bad aspect ratio, ie people appear too fat/thin.
** BAD IVTC ** :: bad inverse telecine. process of converting framerates was incorrect.
** INTERLACED ** :: black lines on movement as the field order is incorrect.
** OUT OF SYNC ** :: video and audio do not synchronize.
LIMITED – A limited movie means that it had a limited theater run, generally opening in less than 250 theaters, usually smaller films (such as art house films) are released as limited.
STV -Stands for straight-to-video (also known as made-for-video, direct-to-video, or straight-to-DVD). A film that is released straight-to-video is one which has been released to the public on home video formats before or without being released in movie theaters or broadcast on television.
FESTiVAL -This is a variation of STV/LiMiTED. A FESTiVAL is a movie which hasn’t been shown in a public theater, but has been shown on a film festival (such as Cannes Film Festival).
SE (Special Edition) -Like the name suggests, it is a special DVD edition of a movie. Often special editions contain extra material like deleted scenes, interviews, or a making-of.
DC (Director’s Cut) -A director’s cut is a specially edited version of a movie that is supposed to represent the director’s own approved edit of the movie. It is often released some time after the original release of the film, where the original release was released in a version different from the director’s approved edit.
Remastered -Digitally remastered means that an older, not-digital movie has been re-edited, remastered and is released on DVD. Some really old movies look very bad compared to the new digital movies. When remastered, they make it look better by editing and recoloring the video, etc. Remastering generally implies some sort of upgrade to a previous existing product, frequently designed to encourage people to buy a new version of something they already own.
Rated/Unrated -Rated means a movie is censored, unrated logically means uncensored. The unrated usually features more footage then a rated version, it could range from mere seconds to a few minutes.

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